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Theodoret

Theodoret (thēŏd´ərĕt), c.393–c.458, Syrian churchman and theologian. He was a monk of Apamaea and a lifelong friend of Nestorius. In 423 he went unwillingly to be bishop of Cyrus, Syria, where he furthered the work of the church in a difficult see. At the time of the controversy over Nestorianism, Theodoret felt that Nestorius was misunderstood. As a result, he had a bitter controversy with St. Cyril of Alexandria. At the Council of Ephesus (431), Theodoret voted to depose Cyril. In 449 the Robber Synod of Ephesus led by Eutyches declared Theodoret deposed, but Pope Leo I invalidated this decree. At the Council of Chalcedon (451), Theodoret reluctantly joined in the condemnation of Nestorianism, still holding that it misrepresented his friend. His writings against St. Cyril were condemned in Justinian's Three Chapters (see Monophysitism), but the church has never condemned him. A theologian of the Antiochene school, he was much less extreme than his tutor, Theodore of Mopsuestia.

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Theodoret

Theodoret (c.393–c.466). Christian bishop of Cyrrhus near Antioch, and theologian. He was a friend and admirer of Nestorius and became a defender of the Antiochene Christology against Cyril of Alexandria. His writings against Cyril were later condemned at the second Council of Constantinople (553). Theodoret's other works include erudite biblical commentaries, a Religious History giving an account of monks and ascetics in Syria, a church history continuing that of Eusebius to 428, an apology The Cure of Pagan Maladies, and an anti-Monophysite work The Beggar (i.e. his opponent, who has ‘begged’ his various absurd doctrines).

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