Cosmo Gordon Lang

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Lang, Cosmo Gordon (1864–1945). Archbishop of Canterbury. Lang was a native of Scotland. After a short ministry at the university church in Oxford, he became (1896) vicar of Portsea, an important and populous parish, where he trained and deployed a large team of assistant curates. At the age of only 37 he was nominated as suffragan bishop of Stepney, in London's East End, and then promoted (1908) to be archbishop of York. Here he proved a marked contrast to the more conservative, cautious, and diplomatic Randall Davidson, his fellow-Scot who was archbishop of Canterbury. The contrast is well illustrated by their attitudes to the Prayer Book reform of 1928. Davidson did not want it, and Lang wanted a return to the more catholic Prayer Book of 1549. Lang succeeded Davidson at Canterbury in 1928, but his work as primate was overshadowed by criticism for his part in the abdication crisis of 1936, and the outbreak of war in 1939. He resigned in 1942 and died three years later.

Revd Dr John R. Guy

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Cosmo Gordon Lang, 1864–1945, English churchman, archbishop of York (1908–28), archbishop of Canterbury (1928–42), b. Aberdeen, Scotland. From 1901 to 1908, while suffragan bishop of Stepney, London, and canon of St. Paul's Cathedral, he attempted to improve slum conditions and attracted wide attention. He was an acknowledged leader in the House of Lords and supported in Parliament the proposed revision (1928) of the Book of Common Prayer. With Stanley Baldwin he was instrumental in securing the abdication of Edward VIII, and he crowned George VI as king in 1937. Shortly after his resignation as archbishop in 1942, Lang was created Baron Lang of Lambeth.