Skip to main content
Select Source:

Mahādeva

MAHāDEVA

(fl. western India, 1316)

astronomy.

The scion of a Brahman family of astronomers and astrologers belonging to the Gautamagotra, a family that began with Bhogadeva and extended through successive generations represented by Mādhava, Padmanābha, and his father, Paraśurāma, mahādeva resided on the banks of the Godāvarī River—probably near its source in Mahārāshtra. He wrote a lengthy set of astronomical tables, the Mahādevī (see essay in Supplement), employing the “true linear” arrangement (see D. Pingree, “On the Classification of Indian Planetary Tables,” in Journal for the History of Astronomy, 1 [1970], 95–108, esp. 103–104) and the parameters of the Brāhmapakṣa (see essay in Supplement); their epoch is 28 March 1316. The extreme popularity of these tables in western India is indicated by the fact that over 100 manuscripts of them originating in that area have been identified. They have also been commented on by Nṛsiṃha of Nandipura in Gujarat (1528) and by Dhanarāja of Padmāvatī in Mārwār (Jodhpur) (1635) and have often been imitated by the astronomers of Gujarat and Rajasthan.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

The tables are discussed in detail by O. Neugebauer and D. Pingree, “The Astronomical Tables of Mahādeva,” in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 111 (1967), 69–92. See also D. Pingree, “Sanskrit Astronomical Tables in the United Stated,” in Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, n.s. 58 , no. 3 (1968), 37a–39a; and “Sanskrit Astronomical Tables in England,” in Journal of Oriental Research(Madras).

David Pingree

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mahādeva." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 May. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Mahādeva." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mahadeva

"Mahādeva." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Retrieved May 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mahadeva

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Mahādeva

Mahādeva (Skt., ‘great Lord’).
1. In Hinduism, a name of Śiva.

2. In Buddhism, Mahādeva is associated with the first major schism in Buddhist history, the division into Mahāsāṃghika and Sthaviravāda which led to Theravāda. Five theses are attributed to him concerning the exact attainments of the arhat. Nothing certain is known of him or of his life.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mahādeva." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 May. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Mahādeva." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mahadeva

"Mahādeva." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved May 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mahadeva

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.