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Jommelli, Niccolò

Jommelli, Niccolò (b Aversa, Naples, 1714; d Naples, 1774). It. composer. Comp. first opera 1737. Worked in Rome and Bologne 1740–1 and in Venice 1741–7. Visited Vienna 1749, forming friendship with Metastasio, most of whose texts he subsequently used, several of them more than once. Kapellmeister to Duke of Württemberg, Stuttgart, 1753–69, composing 17 operas. Returned to Naples 1769, but his work no longer found favour. Comp. over 80 operas and much church mus. Anticipated Gluck in use of dramatic recit. and in abandonment of da capo arias unless they had dramatic point. Among his many operas were: L'errore amoroso (1737); Merope (1741); Achille in Sciro (1749); Ifigenia in Aulide (1751); La clemenza di Tito (2 versions, 1753 and 1765); Fetonte (1753, 2nd vers. 1768); Armida abbandonata (1770); Ifigenia in Tauride (1771).

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Jommelli, Niccolò

Niccolò Jommelli (nēk-kōlô´ yōm-mĕl´lē), 1714–74, Italian opera composer of the Neapolitan school, who worked variously in Vienna, Rome, Stuttgart, and eventually Naples, successfully fusing German, French and Italian elements in his operas. His earliest works, such as L'errore amoroso (1737) and Ezio (1741), were very successful. He produced operas in Vienna (1749–50). While he was choir director (1751–54) at St. Peter's in Rome, he composed church music. Jommelli was musical director (1754–69) to the duke of Württemberg at Stuttgart. After his return to Naples his last operas, such as Armida abbandonata (1770) and Ifigenia in Tauride (1771), were rejected by the public as too learned and too German. In his operas he introduced recitativo accompagnato and anticipated many of the reforms of Gluck.

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