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Hauer, Josef Matthias

Hauer, Josef Matthias (b Wiener Neustadt, 1883; d Vienna, 1959). Austrian composer. Met Schoenberg 1919. In 1919, independently of Schoenberg, developed 12-note system and wrote his first 12-note piece, Nomos. Method based on 44 combinations (tropes) of 12 notes of the octave, each subdivided into 6-note groups. Did not get on well with Schoenberg because of his insistence that he first ‘discovered’ 12-note composition, even to proclaiming it on his stationery. Works incl. operas Die schwarze Spinne (1932, f.p. Vienna 1966) and Salambo (1930, f.p. Vienna 1983); oratorio Wandlungen; pf. conc.; vn. conc.; Hölderlin songs; 3 str. qts. From 1939 all his works bore the title Zwölftonspiel (12-note piece).

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Hauer, Josef Matthias

Josef Matthias Hauer (yō´zĕf mätēäs hou´ər), 1883–1959, Austrian music theorist and composer. Primarily self-taught, Hauer devised a method of atonal composition that used the 12 tones of the scale divided into 44 melodic patterns, or "tropes." He also developed a new system of musical notation for twelve-tone music. Hauer, a prolific composer, wrote music in all the major forms.

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