Franz Xaver Scharwenka

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Scharwenka, (Franz) Xaver (b Samter, Posen, 1850; d Berlin, 1924). Ger. pianist, conductor, and composer. Taught at Kullak Acad., Berlin, 1868–73. Début Berlin 1869. European tours from 1874. Visited London on occasions between 1879 and 1899. Founded cons. in Berlin 1881 (merged with Klindworth Cons. 1893). Lived in USA 1891–8, founding cons. in NY. Returned to Ger. and was co-dir. Klindworth-Scharwenka Cons. 1898–1914. Opened new sch. in Berlin 1914. Comps. incl. opera, sym., 4 pf. concs., 2 pf. sonatas, church mus., chamber mus., and many songs. Ed. Schumann's pf. works.

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