Feuermann, Emanuel, greatly gifted Austrian-born American cellist; b. Kolomea, Galicia, Nov. 22, 1902; d. N.Y., May 25, 1942. As a child he was taken to Vienna, where he first studied cello with his father; subsequently studied cello with Friedrich Buxbaum and Anton Walter. He made his debut in Vienna in 1913 in a recital. He went to Leipzig in 1917 to continue his studies with Julius Klengel. His progress was so great that he was appointed to the faculty of the Gurzenich Cons, in Cologne by Abendroth at the age of 16; he also was 1st cellist in the Gurzenich Orch. and was a member of the Bram Eldering Quartet. In 1929 he was appointed prof, at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin; as a Jew, he was forced to leave Germany after the advent of the Nazis to power; he then embarked on a world tour (1934–35). He made his American debut on Dec. 6, 1934, with the Chicago Sym. Orch., and then appeared as soloist with leading American orchs. He also played chamber music with Schnabel and Huberman, and later with Rubinstein and Heifetz.
S. Itzkoff, E. E, Virtuoso: A Biography (Univ., Ala., 1979).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
FEUERMANN, EMANUEL (1902–1942), cellist. Born in Kolomea, Galicia, and taken to Vienna at the age of seven, Feuermann gave his first public recitals in 1913. He was a teacher at Cologne Conservatory from 1918 until 1923 and became well known as a soloist. He was on the staff of the Berlin Hochschule fuer Musik (1929–33), but emigrated to the United States in 1938. There he performed as a soloist and made notable appearances in trios with Jascha Heifetz and Artur Rubinstein, and was acclaimed as one of the great cellists of his time.