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Favart, Charles Simon

Charles Simon Favart (shärl sēmôN´ fävär´), 1710–92, French dramatist and theatrical manager, for a time director of the Opéra-Comique. He was the originator of the modern light opera and wrote, largely in collaboration with his wife, about 150 comedies and operettas, including La Chercheuse d'esprit (1741), Les Amours de Bastien et de Bastiene (1753), and Les Trois Sultanes; ou, Soliman second (1761). His wife, Marie Justine Benoîte Duronceray Favart, 1727–72, was a brilliant light-opera star.

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Favart, Charles-Simon

Favart, Charles-Simon (b Paris, 1710; d Belleville, 1792). Fr. librettist, composer, and impresario. Stage-manager at Opéra-Comique (which was called Salle Favart after him) 1743–55, writing and adapting works for it. Dir., Comédie-Italienne 1758 to 1762, when it merged with Opéra- Comique. Wrote over 150 opera libs. for composers incl. Grétry, Gluck, and Philidor.

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Favart, Charles-Simon

Favart, Charles-Simon

Favart, Charles-Simon, French librettist and impresario; b. Paris, Nov. 13, 1710; d. Belleville, near Paris, March 12, 1792. He publ. satirical plays as a youth. After a successful performance of one of his vaudevilles at the Opera-Comique in Paris, he was appointed stage man-ager there and in 1758 became its director, a post he retained until 1769; its theater was named in his honor in 1781. In 1745 he married Marie Favart . He wrote about 150 librettos, and also was the author of Les Amours de Bastien et Bastienne (1753), which was used by Mozart in a German version for his early Singspiel Bastien und Bastienne (1768).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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