Unwin, Sir Raymond
Unwin published Town Planning in Practice: An Introduction to the Art of Designing Cities and Suburbs in 1909, an important text that had a considerable effect on town-planning for the next three decades. Appointed Chief Inspector of Town Planning at the Local Government Board (later Ministry of Health) in 1914, and then Director of Housing for the Ministry of Munitions during the 1914–18 war, he influenced a number of developments, including the settlements at Gretna, Scotland, and Mancot Royal (Queensferry), near Chester. He was a member of the Tudor-Walters Committee on Housing (1918), was consulted for the New York Regional Plan in the USA (1922), and remained a senior civil servant with the Ministry of Health until 1928. He advised on the planning of the Manchester satellite development of Wythenshawe, for which Parker was the main consultant (1927–41): it was one of the most ambitious local-authority housing-schemes of the time, and anticipated the first-generation New Towns after the 1939–45 war. He was also involved in the proposals for London, the fruits of which were the Greater London Plans of the 1940s. He was one of the founders of the Town Planning Institute (1913) and was President of the Royal Institute of British Architects (1931–3). His other works included Cottage Plans and Common Sense (1902—with a later edition of 1908), Nothing Gained by Overcrowding: How the Garden City Type of Development May Benefit Both Owner and Occupier (1912), and many contributions to journals, etc.
Architectural Review, clxiii/976 (June 1978), 325–32, 366–75;
Creese (ed.) (1967, 1992);
F. Jackson (1985);
LeGates & and Stout (1996);
Me. Miller (1992, 2000);
Miller & and Gray (1992);
L. Mumford (1961);
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Jane Turner (1996);
Unwin (1908, 1909, 1918, 1971)
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Unwin, Sir Raymond
Sir Raymond Unwin (ŭn´wĬn), 1863–1940, English architect and town planner. He designed the first English garden city near Letchworth, the New Earwick development in Yorkshire, and Hampstead Garden near London. He lectured on housing and city planning at the Univ. of Birmingham (1911–14) and Columbia (1936–40). His Town Planning in Practice (1909) is a classic work in its field. Unwin was knighted in 1932.
"Unwin, Sir Raymond." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/unwin-sir-raymond
"Unwin, Sir Raymond." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/unwin-sir-raymond