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Guimard, Héctor

Guimard, Héctor (1867–1942). French Art Nouveau architect, he was influenced by Viollet-le-Duc and Horta. He designed Castel Béranger, 16 Rue de la Fontaine, Paris (1894–9), an apartment-block of rubble, coloured brick, stone, and faïence, with an entrance in a fully developed Art Nouveau style, causing the building to be christened Castel Dérangé (Mad Castle). His Paris Métro-Station entrances (1899–1913), featuring metal that seemed to grow from the stone, modular prefabricated construction, and bizarre, almost surreal lamps, made his works familiar, although many have been destroyed. The decorations of his own house, the Hôtel Guimard, Avenue Mozart, Paris (1912), perhaps were his most exquisite creations.

Bibliography

Brunhammer et al. (1975);
Brunhammer & and Naylor (1978);
Graham (1970);
Guimard (1907, 1992);
Rheims & and Vigne (1988);
Tschudi-Madsen (1967);
Thiébaut (1992)

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Guimard, Hector

Hector Guimard (ĕktôr´ gēmär´), 1867–1942, French architect and furniture designer. Influenced by Victor Horta, he became the first and foremost French architect of art nouveau. The most familiar landmarks created by Guimard (c.1900) are the entrance gates to the métro (subway) stations in Paris, made of metal cast into elegant, flowerlike forms. On the Rue La Fontaine, Paris, he built the Castel Béranger (1894–98) and an apartment house (1911). He went to New York City in 1938, where he remained until his death. Several examples of his decorative work can be found at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

See study by G. Vigne (2004).

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