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Choiseul, Étienne François, duc de

Étienne François Choiseul, duc de (ātyĕn´ fräNswä´ dük də shwäzöl´), 1719–85, French statesman. After successful service in the army he entered the diplomatic service and gained support from Mme de Pompadour. As ambassador to Vienna (1757) he strengthened the Austrian alliance by conducting first negotiations toward the marriage of Marie Antoinette with the future Louis XVI. Later, in his capacity as minister of foreign affairs (1758–70), Choiseul negotiated the Family Compact and the Treaty of Paris at the end of the Seven Years War, and he annexed Lorraine (1766) and Corsica (1768). As minister of war (1761–70) and of the navy (1761–66) he reorganized the fighting forces and introduced reforms. He supported the publication of the Encyclopédie and aided suppression of the Jesuits, which weakened his position at court. A clique surrounding King Louis XV's mistress Mme Du Barry caused his exile from court (1770).

See his memoirs (1790).

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Choiseul, Etienne François, Duc de

Choiseul, Etienne François, Duc de (1719–85) French statesman, chief minister of Louis XVI (1758–1770). As ambassador to Vienna (1757–58), he negotiated the marriage of Marie Antoinette and the future Louis XVI. As minister of foreign affairs, he negotiated the Family Compact (1761), which allied the Bourbon rulers of France and Spain, and the Treaty of Paris (1763), in which France was forced to surrender French Canada and India to Britain. Choiseul supported the publication of the Encyclopédie (1759) and approved suppression of the Jesuits (1764).

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