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Falkland, Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount

Falkland, Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount [S] (1610–43). Falkland was educated in Ireland, where his father was viceroy, but settled at Great Tew, his country house outside Oxford. This became, in the words of Clarendon, a regular visitor, ‘a university bound in a lesser volume’, where Falkland and his friends, turning their backs on religious fanaticism and political partisanship, pursued a dispassionate search for unifying truths. Elected to Parliament in 1640, Falkland condemned arbitrary rule in church and state, but opposed radical change. In January 1642 he accepted office as secretary of state, in the vain hope of closing the gap between the king and Parliament. His peace-loving and tolerant nature was revolted by the prospect of civil war, and made him careless of his own life. This ‘incomparable young man’, as Clarendon called him, found a welcome death in battle at Newbury in September 1643.

Roger Lockyer

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Falkland, Lucius Cary, 2d Viscount

Lucius Cary Falkland, 2d Viscount (fôk´lənd), 1610?–1643, English statesman and literary figure. He entered Parliament in 1640, where he opposed the exaction of ship money and spoke in favor of the attainder of the earl of Strafford. However, he objected to the abolition of the episcopacy and in 1642 became an adviser to Charles I. He represented the king in attempts to make peace with Parliament in Sept., 1642, and was with Charles at Edgehill and the siege of Gloucester. In despair at the prospect of the civil war continuing, he is supposed to have deliberately allowed himself to be killed at the battle of Newbury. A poet in his own right, Falkland was also a liberal patron of many of his literary contemporaries.

See biography by J. A. R. Marriott (1907); study by K. Weber (1940).

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Cary, Lucius

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