‘Life-support’ describes any continuing medical treatment necessary for survival, as distinct from the short-term interventions involved in resuscitation, which are life-saving rather than life-sustaining. Very often, however, such life-sustaining measures become necessary after the initial success of a life-saving intervention.
The commonest forms of life-support are mechanical artificial ventilation and artificial feeding through a stomach tube. Such support may be required only for a period of weeks or months until recovery of the lost function occurs, but continued survival for some patients depends on permanent life-support. In that event the patient usually remains in hospital, but sometimes arrangements can be made to manage permanent life-support systems at home. Long-term dialysis for kidney failure is another form of life-support.
Sometimes a decision is made to discontinue life-support and let the patient die. This is most often in the first few days after resuscitation, when it becomes clear that there is no prospect of survival and that treatment is futile because it is merely prolonging the process of dying. Occasionally life-support is withdrawn after months or years, as when a patient on dialysis who develops new complications requests its withdrawal, or when a brain-damaged patient is diagnosed as in a permanent vegetative state and it is decided to stop tube feeding.
See also artificial feeding; artificial ventilation; dialysis; resuscitation; vegetative state.
"life-support." The Oxford Companion to the Body. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 10, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/life-support-0
"life-support." The Oxford Companion to the Body. . Retrieved September 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/life-support-0
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.
artificial life support
artificial life support, systems that use medical technology to aid, support, or replace a vital function of the body that has been seriously damaged. Such techniques include artificial pacemakers, internal defibrillators, dialysis machines (see kidney, artificial), and respirators. The use of life-support systems to prolong the life of a patient who has suffered apparently irreversible damage to a vital organ system may raise such ethical issues as the quality of life, euthanasia, and the right to die, and has been the subject of much legal and moral debate. Some people specify their wishes concerning prolonged artificial life support, especially should they be in a persistent vegetative state (see coma), in a living will. A health-care proxy is another legal means of insuring that a person's wishes regarding artificial life support are respected, even if the person is unable to communicate those wishes.
"artificial life support." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 10, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/artificial-life-support
"artificial life support." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/artificial-life-support