paroxysm

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par·ox·ysm / ˈparəkˌsizəm/ • n. a sudden attack or violent expression of a particular emotion or activity: a paroxysm of weeping. ∎  Med. a sudden recurrence or attack of a disease; a sudden worsening of symptoms. DERIVATIVES: par·ox·ys·mal / ˌparəkˈsizməl/ adj.

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paroxysmchasm, spasm •enthusiasm • orgasm • sarcasm •ectoplasm • cytoplasm • iconoclasm •cataplasm • pleonasm • phantasm •besom • dirigisme •abysm, arrivisme, chrism, chrisom, ism, prism, schism •Shiism, theism •Maoism, Taoism •egoism • truism • Babism • cubism •sadism • nudism • Sufism • ageism •holism • cataclysm • monism • papism •verism • aneurysm • purism • Nazism •sexism • racism • paroxysm • autism •macrocosm • microcosm • bosom

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paroxysm increase of the acuteness of a disease; violent access, fit. XVII. — F. paroxysme — medL. paroxysmus irritation, exasperation — Gr. paroxusmós, f. paroxúnein, f. PARA-1 + oxúnein sharpen, f. oxús sharp.

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paroxysm (pa-rŏk-sizm) n.
1. a sudden violent attack, especially a spasm or convulsion.

2. the abrupt worsening of symptoms or recurrence of disease.
paroxysmal (pa-rŏk-siz-măl) adj.

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