Vanilla Ice (1968—)
Vanilla Ice (1968—)
White rapper Vanilla Ice burst on the music scene in 1990 with his hit single "Ice Ice Baby," a danceable tune with a bass line lifted from the David Bowie/Queen collaboration "Under Pressure." The single, from the album To the Extreme, became the first rap song to reach number one on the pop singles chart, where it stayed for sixteen weeks. Critics slammed Vanilla Ice (whose real name is Robert Van Winkle) for his rip-off of black culture, but apologists credited him with bringing rap to a larger audience. Vanilla Ice's popularity lasted just a few months—long enough to earn him a starring role in the movie Cool As Ice but not long enough to propel sales of his subsequent albums beyond a small core of dedicated fans.
Bego, Mark. Ice, Ice, Ice: The Extraordinary Vanilla Ice Story. New York, Dell, 1991.
Vanilla Ice. Ice, by Ice. New York, Avon, 1991.
"Vanilla Ice (1968—)." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/media/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vanilla-ice-1968
"Vanilla Ice (1968—)." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/media/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vanilla-ice-1968
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.