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shawm

shawm (from Lat. calamus, ‘reed'; Eng. shawm, shalm; Fr. chalemie, Ger. Schalmei). Woodwind instr., double-reeded forerunner of the ob., made in 7 sizes from sopranino to great bass, with keys. Some shawms were described as bombards. Had piercing brilliance of tone, with great carrying power outdoors. In Middle Ages, had broad cane reed controlled by player's lips. On largest sizes, reed was placed on end of crook (as in bn.); on smaller, it was placed on a staple inside a pirouette. All shawms had a number of vent-holes, placed between little-finger hole and end of bell. Modern reproductions have been made.

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shawm

shawm (shôm), double-reed woodwind instrument used in Europe from the 13th through the 17th cent. The term denotes a family of instruments of different sizes. The shape and tone of the soprano shawm are comparable to those of the oboe, of which it is a precursor. The shawm was constructed from a single piece of wood that was conically bored. Shawm-type instruments exist in many parts of the world, some of them with cognate names, such as the Turkish zurna.

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shawm

shawm (hist.) medieval wind instrument. XIV. ME. schallemele, pl. chalm(e)yes, schalmes, later (sg.) schalmus, shawme (XVI). — (i) OF. chalemel (mod. chalumeau) :- Rom. *calamellus, dim. of L. calamus reed — Gr. kálamos; (ii) OF. (unexpl.) chalemie; (iii) OF. chalemeaus, pl. of chalemel.

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shawm

shawm / shôm/ • n. a medieval and Renaissance wind instrument, forerunner of the oboe, with a double reed enclosed in a wooden mouthpiece, and having a penetrating tone.

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shawm

shawmconform, corm, dorm, form, forme, haulm, lukewarm, Maugham, misinform, norm, outperform, perform, shawm, storm, swarm, transform, underperform, warm •landform • platform • cubiform •fungiform, spongiform •aliform • bacilliform •cuneiform, uniform •variform • vitriform • cruciform •unciform • retiform • multiform •oviform • triform • microform •chloroform • cairngorm • sandstorm •barnstorm •brainstorm, rainstorm •windstorm • snowstorm • firestorm •thunderstorm

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