Skip to main content
Select Source:

repeat marks

repeat marks (for passages).

means return to or, if that does not occur, to the beginning of the piece.

D.C. or Da Capo, literally ‘from the head’, i.e. return to the beginning.

D.S or Dal Segno, i.e. from the sign, meaning the return to the mark :S:.

A.S. (rare) or Al Segno, i.e. to the sign. Usually the expression is D.C. al Segno e poi la Coda, i.e. ‘From the beginning to the :S: and then the Coda’.

Bis means perform the passage twice.



To avoid needless writing or engraving (especially in orchestral mus.) the repetition of a short passage is often indicated as:

Sometimes when a section is marked to be repeated it ends in a way suitable for the return to the beginning, and, having been repeated, ends in a way suitable to proceed to the next section (or to close the whole composition if nothing more follows). The two endings are then shown thus:

Or instead of the ‘1’ there may be used the expression ‘1ma Volta’, or ‘Prima Volta’, or ‘1st Time’.

Instead of the ‘2’ there may be used the expression ‘2da Volta’, or ‘Seconda Volta’, or ‘2nd Time’. When a return to the opening of the piece, or of some section of it, is indicated but only a part is to be repeated and then the piece brought to an end, the word Fine (end) shows where to stop.

For instance, a minuet is often followed by another minuet called trio, after which the first minuet is to be repeated and then an end to be made. In this case the word ‘Fine’ is placed at the end of the first minuet to indicate that this is the place to conclude when performing the repetition.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"repeat marks." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"repeat marks." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/repeat-marks-0

"repeat marks." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved September 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/repeat-marks-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

repeat marks

repeat marks (for notes).

There is a ‘catch’ in (c) and (d), the convention not being quite logical. In (c) (3 examples are given) the time-value to be filled is that of one of the notes shown (in this case half-note); in (d) the time-value to be filled is that of both of the notes shown (in this case eighth notes).

Note. If tremolo (or trem.) is added to any of the above or similar signs the notes concerned should be repeated very rapidly and without any attention to the exact number of repetitions attained during the time-value available.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"repeat marks." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"repeat marks." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/repeat-marks

"repeat marks." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved September 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/repeat-marks

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.