Skip to main content

Repartimiento de Mercancías

Repartimiento de Mercancías

Repartimiento de mercancías (distribution of goods), also known as repartimiento de bienes, an obligation on indigenous peoples and their communities to purchase goods they neither wanted nor could afford. Merchants, colonial officials, and, at times, community leaders profited from an arrangement in which surplus goods were forced upon the local population that was obligated to pay for these "purchases" with labor service, land, or cash. The goods involved, frequently luxury items, were sometimes never even delivered but were repeatedly resold on paper to other "buyers." This abusive system arose in the seventeenth century and became particularly acute in the eighteenth, when the volume of goods illegally entering colonial markets exceeded the volume imported through the formal Consulado (merchant guild) system, whose merchant members were left with excess stock.

The repartimiento de mercancías was a major factor in the depletion of indigenous community resources, in the growth of debt peonage labor, and in indigenous revolts against colonial authority. Sporadic efforts to reform this system, including legalization and heightened regulation of the repartimiento de mercancías during the mid-eighteenth-century Bourbon Reforms, failed to curb the worst abuses.

See alsoDebt Peonage; Repartimiento.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Karen Spalding, Huarochirí: An Andean Society Under Inca and Spanish Rule (1984), esp. pp. 188-190, 200-204.

Additional Bibliography

Baskes, Jeremy. Indians, Merchants, and Markets: A Reinterpretation of the Repartimiento and Spanish-Indian Economic Relations in Colonial Oaxaca, 1750–1821. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.

Menegus Bornemann, Margarita. El repartimiento forzoso de mercancías en México, Perú y Filipinas. México, D.F.: Instituto de Investigaciones Dr José María Luís Mora: Centro de Estudios sobre la Universidad-UNAM, 2000.

                                    Ann M. Wightman

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Repartimiento de Mercancías." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Repartimiento de Mercancías." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/repartimiento-de-mercancias

"Repartimiento de Mercancías." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/repartimiento-de-mercancias

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.