Houston Symphony Orchestra

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Houston Symphony Orchestra: Founded in 1913 with 33 players, the orchestra reorganized in 1930 and presented its first full season of concerts in 1931. Among its important conductors have been Ernst Hoffman (1936–47), Efrem Kurtz (1948–54), Leopold Stokowski (1955–61), Sir John Barbirolli (1961–67), Sir André Previn (1967–69), Lawrence Foster (1970—78), Michael Palmer (1979–81), Sergiu Comissiona (1979–88), Christoph Eschenbach (1988–99), and Hans Graf (2000–). The permanent home of the symphony is the Jesse H. Jones Hall for the Performing Arts, which opened in 1966 as part of Houston's Civic Center. Summer performances take place at the Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion and the Miller Outdoor Theatre.

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Houston Symphony Orchestra. Founded in Houston, Texas, 1913 with Julian Paul Blitz as cond., succeeded 1916 by Paul Berge until 1917. Reorganized 1930, with Frank St Leger as cond. 1931–5, Ernst Hoffmann 1936–47. Hoffmann increased size and standards of orch. Conds. after him included Efrem Kurtz 1948–54; Beecham 1954–5; Stokowski 1955–60; Barbirolli 1961–7; Previn 1967–9; Foster 1971–8; Comissiona art. adv. 1980, cond. 1984–8; Eschenbach from 1988.