novel

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nov·el1 / ˈnävəl/ • n. a fictitious prose narrative of book length, typically representing character and action with some degree of realism: the novels of Jane Austen. ∎  a book containing such a narrative: she was reading a paperback novel. ∎  (the novel) the literary genre represented or exemplified by such works: the novel is the most adaptable of all literary forms. ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: from Italian novella (storia) ‘new (story),’ feminine of novello ‘new,’ from Latin novellus, from novus ‘new.’ The word is also found from late Middle English until the 18th cent. in the sense ‘a novelty, a piece of news,’ from Old French novelle (see novel2 ). nov·el2 • adj. new or unusual in an interesting way: he hit on a novel idea to solve his financial problems. DERIVATIVES: nov·el·ly adv.

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novel Narrative fiction, usually in prose form, that is longer and more detailed than a short story. The word derives from the Latin word novus (new) and the Italian novella (a short tale with an element of surprise). The roots of the modern novel are generally traced to Cervantes' Don Quixote (1605–15). Its development as a major literary form can be seen in 18th-century Britain in Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe (1719) and Samuel Richardson's Pamela (1740). The 20th century has seen considerable formal experimentation, notably the stream of consciousness technique and the nouveau roman.

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novel •Ethel • lethal • brothel • betrothal •Cavell, cavil, gavel, gravel, ravel, travel •Havel, larval, marvel, Marvell, rondavel •bedevil, bevel, devil, dishevel, kevel, level, revel, split-level •daredevil • she-devil • eye level •naval, navel •coeval, evil, Khedival, medieval, primeval, retrieval, shrieval, upheaval •civil, drivel, shrivel, snivel, swivel •carnival • Percival • perspectival •festival • aestival (US estival) •adjectival, arrival, deprival, genitival, imperatival, infinitival, outrival, relatival, revival, rival, substantival, survival •archival •grovel, hovel, novel •oval •approval, removal •Lovell, shovel •interval • serval • narwhal •coequal, equal, prequel, sequel •bilingual, lingual, monolingual, multilingual •rorqual • Hywel •Daniel, spaniel

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novel
A. †novelty; †pl. news XV;

B. short story of Boccaccio's ‘Decameron’, etc. XVI; fictitious prose narrative XVII. In A — OF. novelle (mod. nouvelle):- L. novella, n. pl. (construed as sing.) of novellus young, new, f. novus NEW; in B — It. novella, orig. fem. (sc. storia story) of novello new = OF. novel (mod. nouveau), whence novel adj. XV.
Hence novelist †innovator XVI; †newsmonger; writer of novels XVIII. novelty XIV. — OF. novelte (mod. nouveauté).

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