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apology

a·pol·o·gy / əˈpäləjē/ • n. (pl. -gies) 1. a regretful acknowledgment of an offense or failure: my apologies for the delay. ∎  a public statement of regret, such as one issued by a newspaper, government, or other organization: the Prime Minister demanded an apology from the ambassador. ∎  (apologies) used to express formally one's regret at being unable to attend a meeting or social function: apologies for absence were received from Miss Brown. 2. (an apology for) a very poor or inadequate example of: we were shown into an apology for a bedroom. 3. a reasoned argument or writing in justification of something, typically a theory or religious doctrine. PHRASES: with apologies to used before the name of an author or artist to indicate that something is a parody or adaptation of their work: here, with apologies to Rudyard Kipling, is a more apt version of “If.”

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apology

apology [Gr.,=defense], literary work that defends, justifies, or clarifies an author's ideas or point of view. Unlike the ordinary use of the word, the literary use neither implies that wrong has been done nor expresses regret. The most famous ancient example, Plato's Apology (3d cent. BC), presents Socrates' defense of himself at his trial before the Athenian government. Sir Philip Sidney's Apologie for Poetrie and Defense of Poesie (both: 1580), which examine the art of poetry and its condition in England, apparently were written to justify the poets' craft after it had been attacked by critics. A third famous example, Cardinal Newman's spiritual autobiography Apologia pro Vita sua (1864), was written to clarify the Cardinal's views after they had been misrepresented in an essay by Charles Kingsley.

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apology

apology defence, justification; acknowledgement of offence given. XVI. — F. apologie or late L. apologia — Gr. apologíā speech in defence, f. apologeîsthai, f. APO- + *log- *leg- speak (see LOGOS).
So apologetic XVII; sb. XV. apologist XVII. — F. -iste, f. Gr. apologízesthai render an account (f. apōlogos; see prec.), whence apologize XVI; now assoc. with apology.

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apology

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