See also 250. LOGIC ; 312. PHILOSOPHY ; 354. RHETORIC and RHETORICAL DEVICES .
- Obsolete, a statement that is nonsensical or illogical.
- Obsolete, a statement open to more than one interpretation; an ambiguity.
- an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; the inference that if two things agree with each other in one or more respects, they will probably agree in yet other respects. —analogous, adj.
- a contradiction.
- a method of argument in which the proposition to be established is emphasized through the disproving of its contradiction; reductio ad absurdum. —apagogic, adj.
- a person who defends, in speech or writing, a faith, doctrine, idea, or action.
- circularism, circularity
- reasoning or arguing in a circle.
- the belief in and use of conciliation in an argument. —conhciliationist, n. — conciliatory, adj.
- Obsolete, controversy or argument. —disceptator, n.
- a controversial debate or discussion; a dispute. See also 382. SPEECH . —disputant, n.
- Obsolete, the act of dissenting or disagreeing. —dissenter, n.
- a difference of opinion.
- a stubborn attachment to a theory or doctrine without regard to its practicability. Also spelled doctrinairism . —doctrinaire, n., adj.
- 1. a statement of a point of view as if it were an established fact.
- 2. the use of a system of ideas based upon insufficiently examined premises. —dogmatist, n. —dogmatic, adj.
- a method of induction in which enumeration of particulars leads to the inferred generalization. —epagogic, adj.
- a syllogism whose premises are the conclusion of a preceding syllogism.
- the practice or habit of quibbling and wrangling; sophistical reasoning. —ergotize, v.
- 1. a participant in an argument or controversy.
- 2. the art of disputation. —eristic, eristical, adj.
- the art and study of argumentation and formal debate. —forensic, adj.
- a method of argument in which postulates or assumptions are made that remain to be proven or that lead the arguers to discover the proofs themselves. —heuristic, adj.
- 1. a principle or proposition that is assumed for the sake of argument or that is taken for granted to proceed to the proof of the point in question.
- 2. a system or theory created to account for something that is not understood. —hypothesist, hypothetist, n. —hypothetic, hypothetical, adj.
- 1. a person who is pedantic in argument.
- 2. a person whose logic is less valid than he thinks.
- Euclid of Megara’s Socratic school of philosophy, known for the use of logical paradox and near-specious subtleties.
- a hatred of argument, debate, or reasoning. —misologist, n.
- the laws of logic; the science of the intellect. —noetic, adj.
- the use of argument intended to prevent enlightenment or to hinder the process of knowledge and wisdom. Also spelled obscuranticism . —obscurantist, n. —obscurant, obscurantic, adj.
- deliberate interference with the progress of an argument. —obstructionist, n. —obstructionistic, adj.
- the proposing of paradoxical opinions; speaking in paradoxes. —paradoxer, n.
- paralogism, paralogy, paralogia
- a method or process of reasoning which contradicts logical rules or formulas, especially the use of a faulty syllogism (the formal fallacy). —paralogist, n. —paralogistic, adj.
- Rare. related to a love of controversy and argument. —philopolemist, n.
- one who uses Talmudic dialectic; a subtle reasoner. —pilpulistic, adj.
- polemicist, polemist
- a skilled debater in speech or writing. —polemical, adj.
- the art of dispute or argument. —polemic, n., adj. —polemically, n., adv.
- a series of syllogisms set up systematically.
- anticipating an opponent’s argument and answering it before it can be made. See also 174. FUTURE . —proleptic, adj.
- a false syllogism whose conclusion does not follow from its premises.
- a nice or fine point, as in argument; a subtlety. —quodlibetal, adj.
- a person who likes to talk about or dispute fine points or quodlibets.
- Obsolete, the act or process of refuting or disproving. —redargutory, adj.
- a person who decides a matter when the parties to it are in conflict; an umpire or judge.
- the tendency to concentrate on a single part of an argument and to ignore or exclude all complicating factors. —simplistic, adj.
- 1. a specious argument for displaying ingenuity in reasoning or for deceiving someone.
- 2. any false argument or fallacy. —sophister, n. —sophistic, adj.
- 1. Ancient Greece. a teacher of rhetoric, philosophy, etc; hence, a learned person.
- 2. one who is given to the specious arguments often used by the sophists.
- 1. the teachings and ways of teaching of the Greek sophists.
- 2. specious or fallacious reasoning, as was sometimes used by the sophists.
- a form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a logical conclusion is drawn from them. See also 250. LOGIC . —syllogistic, adj.
- the state or quality of being forceful, incisive, or penetrating, as in words or an argument. —trenchant, adj.
- hair-splitting, as in argument; the making of overly fine points.
"Argumentation." -Ologies and -Isms. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 26, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/argumentation
"Argumentation." -Ologies and -Isms. . Retrieved April 26, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/argumentation
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
ar·gu·men·ta·tion / ˌärgyəmənˈtāshən/ • n. the action or process of reasoning systematically in support of an idea, action, or theory.
"argumentation." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 26, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/argumentation
"argumentation." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved April 26, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/argumentation