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silk-screen printing

silk-screen printing (serigraphy) In printing, a means of producing a print, generally on paper. A screen composed of a mesh of silk or man-made fibres is stretched over a wooden frame; a design is ‘stopped out’ (painted) on the mesh, using glue, varnish, gelatin, or a paper stencil. To make the print, ink is taken across the screen with a squeegee; the pressure of this pushes the ink through the unstopped areas of the mesh. Several screens may be used to build up a multi-coloured print.

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silk-screen printing

silk-screen printing, multiple printing technique, also known as serigraphy, involving the use of stencils to transfer the design. Paint is applied to a silk or nylon screen and penetrates areas of the screen not blocked by the stencil. By using several stencils a number of colors may be employed in a single print. Silk-screen printing was developed as a commercial medium; it is used by modern artists, including Andy Warhol, who have combined it with photographic processes.

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