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suprematism, Russian art movement founded (1913) by Casimir Malevich in Moscow, parallel to constructivism. Malevich drew Aleksandr Rodchenko and El Lissitzky to his revolutionary, nonobjective art. In Malevich's words, suprematism sought "to liberate art from the ballast of the representational world." It consisted of geometrical shapes flatly painted on the pure canvas surface. Malevich's white square on a white ground (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City) embodied the movement's principles. Suprematism, through its dissemination by the Bauhaus, deeply influenced the development of modern European art, architecture, and industrial design.

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suprematism Abstract art movement launched (1915) in Russia by Kasimir Malevich. Epitomized by the stark geometrical forms of Malevich's painting White on White (1919), suprematism had a profound influence on the future development of geometrical abstract art and constructivism.

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Suprematism. Russian artistic movement founded (1915) by Kasimir Malevich (1878–1935), who produced paintings limited to basic geometric shapes using a sparse range of colour. His White Square on a White Ground (1918) was regarded as the paradigm of the movement, and had considerable influence on the West, notably on the International Modern Movement and De Stijl, though Suprematism was passé by 1919.


Chilvers, Osborne, & Farr (eds.) (1988);
Jane Turner (1996)