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collage

collage (kəläzh´, kō–) [Fr.,=pasting], technique in art consisting of cutting and pasting natural or manufactured materials to a painted or unpainted surface—hence, a work of art in this medium. The art of collage was initiated in 1912 when Picasso pasted a section of commercially printed oilcloth to his cubist painting, Still Life with Chair Caning (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Collage elements appear in works by Gris, Braque, Malevich, Dove, and the futurist artists. A basic means of Dada and surrealist art, it was used by Arp, Schwitters, and Ernst. Collage is related to the newer art of assemblage, in which the traditional painted canvas has been abandoned in favor of the assembling of bits of material, which are sometimes additionally painted or carved.

See studies by H. Janis and R. Blesh (rev. ed. 1967), H. Wescher (1968, tr. 1971), N. Laliberté (1972), G. F. Brommer (1978), B. French (1978), and John and Joan Digby (1987).

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collage

collage (Fr.). A putting-together of independent styles in juxtaposition either simultaneously or successively. The separate styles usually consist of contrasting rhythm, melody, or harmony. For a true collage the juxtaposition must be of coherent sections which are the product of separate mus. elements, e.g. the many examples in the mus. of Charles Ives, where dissonances are not resolved but treated as a normal situation. The term is borrowed from the visual arts, and literally means ‘glueing together’.

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collage

col·lage / kəˈläzh; kô-; kō-/ • n. a form of art in which various materials such as photographs and pieces of paper or fabric are arranged and stuck to a backing. ∎  a composition made in this way. ∎  a combination or collection of various things. DERIVATIVES: col·lag·ist / -läzhist/ n.

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collage

collage Composition made up of various materials (such as cardboard, string and fabric), pasted on to a canvas or other background. Cubist artists, such as Picasso, Braque, and Gris developed it into a serious art form. Collage was also used by members of the Dada movement, such as Schwitters.

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collage

collagedécolletage, découpage, Lesage, maquillage, paysage, plage, potage, vernissage •triage • persiflage • fuselage • collage •ménage • badinage •counter-espionage • mirage •entourage • corsage • repêchage •frottage •montage, photomontage •cabotage

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