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rafter

rafter. One of several long, inclined, rectangular timbers used in the construction of pitched roofs, supporting the roof-covering, e.g. laths and tiles. Types of rafter include:angle rafter: principal rafter under the hip rafter carrying the purlins on which the common rafters rest. In the USA any rafter at the angle of a roof, whether principal or not, hence either a hip- or jack-rafter in a valley;auxiliary rafter: in a truss, a rafter used to stiffen the principal by doubling it;binding rafter: purlin;common rafter: of uniform dimensions, placed at regular intervals along the sloping section of a roof, sometimes as intermediate members between principals. A pair of common rafters is a couple;compass rafter: one curved on the lower side, or wholly curved, as in a truss;compound rafter: two rafters, one set over the other, separated by cleats, distance-pieces, or spacers, the inner rafters being secondary rafters;hip rafter: one set diagonally at the hip of a roof where two slopes at 90° join, supporting the upper ends of the common rafters;jack-rafter: 1. One set diagonally at the valley of a roof where two slopes join, such as at a dormer-window roof, supporting the lower ends of common rafters. 2. Shorter common rafter between wall-plate and hip-rafter, or between a valley and the ridge;principal rafter: large rectangular inclined timber in a sloping roof supporting a purlin and also serving as a common rafter. A principal rafter not serving as a common rafter is a principal;valley rafter: one set diagonally where two roofslopes meet in a valley, e.g. at a dormer-window, as in jack-rafter 1;verge rafter: common rafter set beyond a gable to support the roof-covering beyond the naked of the wall, itself supported on the ends of projecting wall-plates and purlins.

Bibliography

Alcock,, Barley,, Dixon,, & and Meeson (1996);
W. McKay (1957)

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rafter

raft·er1 / ˈraftər/ • n. one of several internal beams extending from the eaves to the peak of a roof and constituting its framework. raft·er2 • n. a person who travels on a raft.

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Rafter

Rafter

a large and of ten motley collection of people and things.

Example : rafter of turkeys.

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rafter

rafter OE. ræfter = OS. rehter, MLG. rafter, rachter, rel. to RAFT.

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rafter

rafterbarter, Bata, cantata, carter, cassata, charter, chipolata, ciabatta, darter, desiderata, errata, garter, imprimatur, Inkatha, Jakarta, Magna Carta, Maratha, martyr, Odonata, passata, persona non grata, rata, Renata, Río de la Plata, serenata, sonata, Sparta, starter, strata, taramasalata, tartar, Tatar, Zapata •after, drafter, grafter, hereafter, laughter, rafter, thereafter, whereafter •chanter, enchanter, granter, planter, supplanter, transplanter, Vedantablaster, caster, castor, faster, grandmaster, headmaster, master, pastor, plaster •alabaster • telecaster • forecaster •broadcaster • sportscaster •newscaster • sandblaster •bandmaster • taskmaster •pastmaster • paymaster • ringmaster •quizmaster • spymaster •housemaster • Scoutmaster •toastmaster • schoolmaster •harbourmaster (US harbormaster) •quartermaster • substrata •sought-after

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