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raft

raft1 / raft/ • n. a flat buoyant structure of timber or other materials fastened together, used as a boat or floating platform. ∎  a small, inflatable rubber or plastic boat, esp. one for use in emergencies. ∎  a floating mass of fallen trees, vegetation, ice, or other material. ∎  a dense flock of swimming birds or mammals: great rafts of cormorants, often 5,000 strong. ∎  a layer of reinforced concrete forming the foundation of a building. • v. 1. [intr.] travel on or as if on a raft: I have rafted along the Rio Grande. ∎  [tr.] transport on or as a raft: the stores were rafted ashore I rafted 400 logs to my mill. ∎  (of an ice floe) be driven on top of or underneath another floe. ∎  [tr.] transport (timber) on water in the form of a raft. 2. [tr.] bring or fasten together (a number of boats or other objects) side by side. raft2 • n. a large amount of something: a raft of government initiatives.

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raft

raft, floating platform of wood, cork, or air-inflated rubber for conveying goods or people. Originally, several logs, bound together by vines, strips of animal skin, and later rope, formed a flat surface upon which goods and people could move across bodies of water. From prehistoric times to the 19th cent. rafting was an important means of transportation. Rafts were indispensable in the frontier period of American history; on rivers such as the Ohio and Mississippi they were used to convey settlers and transport supplies. Large rafts are still used occasionally on the Pacific coast to float lumber along the coastline. In recent times life rafts have come to replace lifeboats on many vessels. Because they are more easily handled and cannot capsize or crash in launching, life rafts can merely be thrown over the side of a ship or permitted to slide down into the water. They contain distress signals and other emergency paraphernalia to sustain the lives of persons awaiting rescue.

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Raft

Raft

a large collection of people or things taken indiscriminately; a dense flock of swimming birds; a collection of logs; fallen trees.

Examples : raft of auks (at sea); of swimming birds; of books; of crocodiles, 1774; of fellows, 1833; of folk; of logs; of masts, 1497; of people; of reporters; of tamarisk, 1822; of timber, 1745; of trees, 1806; of fallen trees; of verdure, 1876.

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raft

raft. Type of foundation consisting of a solid slab, a slab with beams, or a cellular raft (containing a basement), all in reinforced concrete. It spreads the load from the building on the ground, and helps to prevent settlement.

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raft

raft †beam, spar; structure of planks, etc., forming a means of transport over water. XV — ON. raptr rafter, rel. to OHG. rāvo beam, ON. ráfr, ræfr roof; cf. next.

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raft

raft •Taft •abaft, aft, craft, daft, draft, draught, engraft, graft, haft, kraft, raft, shaft, understaffed, unstaffed, waft •backdraft • handcraft • aircraft •stagecraft • spacecraft • statecraft •needlecraft • priestcraft • witchcraft •kingcraft • handicraft • woodcraft •Wollstonecraft • bushcraft •watercraft • hovercraft • crankshaft •camshaft • layshaft • driveshaft •turboshaft • countershaft •bereft, cleft, deft, eft, heft, klepht, left, reft, theft, weft •adrift, drift, gift, grift, lift, rift, shift, shrift, sift, squiffed, swift, thrift, uplift •airlift, chairlift, stairlift •facelift • skilift • shoplift • Festschrift •spendthrift • spindrift • snowdrift •makeshift • downshift • upshift •aloft, croft, loft, oft, soft, toft •hayloft • Ashcroft • Cockcroft •undercroft • Lowestoft •tuft, unstuffed •Delft

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RAFT

RAFT Banking revolving acceptance facility by tender

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