Wyke–Aycinena Treaty (1859)
Wyke-Aycinena Treaty (1859)
Wyke-Aycinena Treaty (1859), an agreement confirming British rights to Belize. The treaty was signed 30 April 1859 by Pedro de Aycinena, Guatemalan foreign minister, and Charles Lennox Wyke, British chargéd'affaires and plenipotentiary to Guatemala. The treaty has long been controversial. Article 7, added by the negotiators, ambiguously called for Guatemala and Great Britain to cooperate in erecting a transit way from Guatemala City to the Atlantic coast "near the settlement of Belize." Disputes over each government's expected contribution prevented the article's fulfillment. An additional convention of 1863 attempted to clarify Article 7, but lapsed because of Guatemala's failure to ratify it. Beyond the road issue, the treaty itself was subject to more fundamental disagreement. Guatemala held that it was a "disguised cession" of territory, possibly violating the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850, for which the road was compensation. British governments saw it as a simple boundary agreement, defining the limits of previously held territory. Guatemala continued to contest the validity of the treaty, and thus British rights to Belize, into the late twentieth century.
R. A. Humphreys, The Diplomatic History of British Honduras, 1638–1901 (1961).
Wayne M. Clegern, British Honduras: Colonial Dead End, 1859–1900 (1967).
Brown, Richmond F. "Charles Lennox Wyke and the Clayton-Bulwer Formula in Central America, 1852–1860." The Americas 47, no. 4 (April 1991): 411-445.
Brown, Richmond F. Juan Fermin De Aycinena: Central American Colonial Entrepreneur, 1729–1796. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997.
Richmond F. Brown
"Wyke–Aycinena Treaty (1859)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 9, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/wyke-aycinena-treaty-1859
"Wyke–Aycinena Treaty (1859)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved December 09, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/wyke-aycinena-treaty-1859
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.