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Urdaneta, Andrés de (1508–1568)

Urdaneta, Andrés de (1508–1568)

Andrés de Urdaneta (b. 1508; d. 3 June 1568), Spanish navigator and explorer. A native of Villafranca de Oria, Guipúzcoa, Urdaneta served as a page on the circumnavigation of García Jofre de Loaysa in 1525. After being shipwrecked in the Moluccas, he returned to Spain in 1536. Urdaneta journeyed to Guatemala in 1538, and in 1541 he went to New Galicia with Pedro de Alvarado. He was corregidor of the province of Ávalos in 1543, and visitor of that province until 1545. He became a novice in the Augustinians in 1552 and was named pilot-missionary to the Philippines under Miguel López De Legazpi in 1559. He sailed from Navidad, Jalisco, in November 1564, reached the Philippines in February 1565, and returned to New Spain 8 October 1565. On his return voyage he established the eastbound route, via Japan and California, to Acapulco that was used by the Manila Galleon. Urdaneta retired in 1566 to a monastery in Mexico City, where he died.

See alsoSpanish Empire .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Enrique Cárdenas De La Peña, Urdaneta y "el tornaviaje" (1965).

Mariano Cuevas, Monje y marino, la vida y los tiempos de Fray Andrés de Urdaneta (1943).

Additional Bibliography

Cabrero, Leoncio. Andrés de Urdaneta. Madrid: Historia 16: Quorum, 1987.

Rodríguez, Isacio R., and Jesús Alvarez Fernández. Andrés de Urdaneta, Agustino: En carreta sobre el Pacífico. Valladolid: Estudio Agustiniano, 1992.

                                       W. Michael Mathes

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