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1. A LANGUAGE created for international communication, such as Esperanto, or used as a LINGUA FRANCA in a particular region, such as Hausa and PIDGIN English in West Africa.

2. In LINGUISTICS, a language intermediate between two or more other languages, generally used as a trade jargon, such as HINDLISH in India and TAGLISH/Mix-Mix in the Philippines.

3. In language teaching and applied linguistics, the transitional system of a learner of a foreign language at any stage between beginner and advanced. See ARTIFICIAL LANGUAGE, CODE-MIXING AND CODE-SWITCHING, -GLISH AND -LISH, LANGUAGE LEARNING.