Skip to main content

INGLIS

INGLIS [Pronounced /ˈɪŋlɪZ/ and /ˈɪŋlZ/]. The word for English in northern MIDDLE ENGLISH and Older SCOTS, used from the 14c by writers of Older Scots as the name of their language, which they saw as the same as the language of England. In the late 15c, such writers began using the national name Scottis (pronounced /ˈskotis/ and /skots/) for the language of Lowland Scotland and both terms continued in use as more or less free alternatives, Inglis predominating. Sometimes, however, 16c Scottish writers used Inglis for the language of England alone:Lyke as in Latyn beyn Grew termys sum,
So me behufyt quhilum, or than be dum,
Sum bastard Latyn, Franch or Inglys oys,
Quhar scant was Scottys.
( Gavin Douglas , Prologue to Book I, Æneid, 1513)
[Just as in Latin there are some Greek terms,
So it behoved me at times, rather than be dumb,
Some bastard Latin, French or English to use,
Where Scots was scant].


The term Scottis was opposed to Sotheroun or Suddroun (Southern: the English of England), a less ambiguous term than Inglis. Only from the early 18c was the present-day terminology consistently applied, Scots for the VERNACULAR of the Scottish Lowlands and English for the language of England and the standard variety being imported into Scotland.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"INGLIS." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"INGLIS." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/inglis

"INGLIS." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Retrieved August 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/inglis

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.