Guerrero, Xavier (1896–1975)

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Guerrero, Xavier (1896–1975)

Xavier Guerrero (b. 3 December 1896; d. 1975), Mexican artist. Xavier Guerrero learned painting from his house-decorator father. In 1921, he collaborated with Roberto Montenegro on murals in the old Colegio de San Pedro y San Pablo and with Diego Rivera in 1922–1923 on his mural in the Anfiteatro Bolívar in the National Preparatory School in Mexico City. Later he assisted Rivera with murals in the Secretaria de Educación, where he used a fresco technique. When David Alfaro Siqueiros was commissioned by the Mexican government to paint a mural for the Mexican-donated Escuela Mexicana in Chillán, Chile (1941), Guerrero joined him and painted murals in Chillán and Santiago. He also did murals in Chapingo, Cuernavaca, and Guadalajara.

See alsoArt: The Twentieth Century .


Bernard S. Myers, Mexican Painting in Our Time (1956).

Antonio Rodríguez, A History of Mexican Mural Painting, translated by Marina Corby (1969).

Additional Bibliography

Folgarait, Leonard. Mural Painting and Social Revolution in Mexico, 1920–1940: Art of the New Order. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

                                    Shifra M. Goldman