Skip to main content

Garrido Canabal, Tomás (1891–1943)

Garrido Canabal, Tomás (1891–1943)

Tomás Garrido Canabal (b. 20 September 1891; d. 1943), radical Mexican provincial politician who dominated political life in the Gulf state of Tabasco in the 1920s and early 1930s. He is most remembered for his fanatical persecution of Catholic priests during the church-state conflict in the 1920s.

Born in Catazajá, Chiapas, Garrido studied law in Campeche and Mérida before serving as interim governor in 1919. He was governor of Tabasco from 1923 to 1926, senator (1927–1930), and governor once again from 1931 to 1934. With the support of his own Red Shirt movement, he took such extreme steps against priests as to prompt an investigation by the English Roman Catholic novelist Graham Greene, which resulted in Greene's famous 1940 work The Power and the Glory.

Garrido joined General Lazaro Cárdenas's first cabinet as secretary of agriculture (1934–1935). He refused Cárdenas's offer of a continued post in the cabinet, shortly after which his mentor, General Plutarco Calles, was forced to leave Mexico. Garrido went into voluntary exile in Costa Rica, from which he returned to Mexico in 1940.

See alsoCalles, Plutarco; Mexico: Since 1910.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Baltasar Dromundo, Tomás Garrido, su vida y su leyenda (1953).

Graham Greene, The Lawless Roads (1955, repr. 1992).

Alan M. Kirshner, "Tomás Garrido Canabal and the Mexican Red Shirt Movement" (Master's thesis, New York University, 1970).

Pepe Bulnes, Gobernantes de Tabasco (1979).

Additional Bibliography

Harper, Kristin A. "Revolutionary Tabasco in the time of Tomás Garrido Canabal, 1922–1935: A Mexican House Divided." Ph.D. diss., University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 2004.

Torres Vera, María Trinidad. Mujeres y utopía: Tabasco garridista. Villahermosa: Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, 2001.

Tostado Gutiérrez, Marcela. El intento de liberar a un pueblo: Educación y magisterio tabasqueño con Garrido Canabal, 1924–1935. Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, 1991.

                                       Roderic Ai Camp

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Garrido Canabal, Tomás (1891–1943)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Garrido Canabal, Tomás (1891–1943)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garrido-canabal-tomas-1891-1943

"Garrido Canabal, Tomás (1891–1943)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garrido-canabal-tomas-1891-1943

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.