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Garibay, Pedro (1729–1815)

Garibay, Pedro (1729–1815)

Pedro Garibay (b. 1729; d. 1815), viceroy of Mexico (16 September 1808–19 July 1809). A Madrid-born military officer, Garibay arrived in New Spain after service in Europe and the Caribbean, eventually being promoted to the rank of field marshal before he retired. When Napoleon intervened in Spain in 1808, José de Iturrigaray, viceroy of Mexico, was overthrown because of his pro-Mexican sentiments in a coup led by Spanish merchants and supported by the Mexico City audiencia (royal court). As senior military figure in the colony, and thought by the conservatives to be easily manipulated, the elderly, infirm Garibay was appointed viceroy and eventually recognized by the caretaker government in Spain. Though his emasculated government lasted only ten months, he was honored in retirement and granted a large annual pension.

See alsoIturrigaray, José de; New Spain, Viceroyalty of.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Manuel Rivera Cambas, Los gobernantes de México, vol. 3 (1964), pp. 243-255.

Christon I. Archer, The Army in Bourbon Mexico, 1760–1810 (1977).

Timothy E. Anna, The Fall of the Royal Government in Mexico City (1978).

                                      Eric Van Young

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