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Etchepareborda, Roberto (1923–1985)

Etchepareborda, Roberto (1923–1985)

Roberto Etchepareborda (b. 19 December 1923; d. 10 April 1985), Argentine historian, educator, and diplomat. Born in Milan, Italy, where his father was serving as an Argentine diplomat, Etchepareborda was educated in Europe and Argentina. As a prominent figure of the Radical Party, he was a member of the City Council of Buenos Aires (1958–1962), over which he later presided. In 1962 President Arturo Frondizi, a short time before he was deposed by a military coup, appointed Etchepareborda his foreign minister. From 1962 to 1964 Etchepareborda served as Argentina's ambassador to India. He was also director of the National Archives and a member of the Argentine Academy of History, as well as of similar academies in other American countries and in Spain. He was professor (1966–1971) and president (1971–1973) of the National University of the South in Bahía Blanca, Argentina, and in the 1970s and 1980s he taught at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, and at the School of Advanced International Studies of Johns Hopkins University, and American University, both in Washington, D.C. In 1974 he held a Wilson Fellowship at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, also in Washington. From 1979 to 1984 he was director of the Department of Cultural Affairs of the Organization of American States. An authority on Argentine political and diplomatic history, his most important works are: Hipólito Yrigoyen: Pueblo y gobierno, a twelve-volume compilation (1956); Tres revoluciones: 1890, 1893, 1905 (1968), for which he received the National Book Award in 1970; Rosas: Controvertida historiografía (1972); and Zeballos y la política exterior argentina (1982). From 1981 until his death he was a contributing editor of the Handbook of Latin American Studies.

See alsoArgentina, Political Parties: Radical Party; Education: Overview.

                                          Celso RodrÍguez

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