Prehistoric society of about 2000 b.c.e. that existed in the Persian/Arabian Gulf region, especially on the island of Bahrain.
The search for Dilmun was undertaken by Dr. Geoffrey Bibby and his 1953 Danish archaeological expedition to Bahrain. His excavation of 100,000 burial mounds yielded dates and documents about Dilmun as a rich seafaring civilization. It extended from Kuwait in the north to Oman at the south end of the Persian/Arabian Gulf. Bahrain is believed to have been the center of that civilization.
Bibby, Geoffrey. Looking for Dilmun. London: Collins; New York: Knopf, 1970.
emile a. nakhleh