Skip to main content

Cayenne, Brazilian Invasion of

Cayenne, Brazilian Invasion of

On 22 March 1808, Portuguese forces, aided by the British, invaded the French colony of Cayenne in retaliation for the French invasion of Portugal in 1807. The original purpose of the mission under the count of Linhares was to completely destroy the colony. In May 1809 Dom João (later João VI) made the decision to keep the colony and to build it up for trade and military purposes. With Manuel Marques serving as intendent and Maciel da Costa as civilian administrator, Portuguese rule was relatively enlightened and accepted by the French colonists. However, European powers at the Congress of Vienna forced the return of Cayenne to the French on 8 November 1817.

See alsoJoão VI of Portugal; Portuguese Empire.


Pedro Calmon, A história do Brasil, vol. 4 (1963), pp. 1419-1420.

Sérgio Buarque De Hollanda, ed., História geral da civilização brasileira, vol. 1, no. 2 (1963), pp. 283-299; South American Handbook, 67th ed. (1991), p. 1125.

Additional Bibliography

Schultz, Kirsten. Tropical Versailles: Empire, Monarchy, and the Portuguese Royal Court in Rio De Janeiro, 1808–1821. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Soublin, Jean. Cayenne 1809: La conquête de la Guyane par les Portugais du Brésil. Paris: Karthala, 2003.

                                           Robert A. Hayes

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Cayenne, Brazilian Invasion of." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 18 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Cayenne, Brazilian Invasion of." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (January 18, 2019).

"Cayenne, Brazilian Invasion of." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.