Castizo, a term used for a person of mostly Spanish and some indigeneous ancestry. In the eighteenth century, Spaniards officially described a castizo as a person with one-quarter Indian and three-quarters Spanish ancestry, but genealogical investigations were rare, and most assessments of castizo status were based on such criteria as physical appearance, occupation, residence, dress, and income. A person of mixed Hispanic and indigenous ancestry who appeared darker or was lower in the social or economic order was called a mestizo. The term castizo was used most frequently in Spanish records during the eighteenth century and appears to have disappeared following independence.
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