Borrero y Cortázar, Antonio (1827–1911)
Borrero y Cortázar, Antonio (1827–1911)
Antonio Borrero y Cortázar (b. 28 October 1827; d. 9 October 1911), president of Ecuador (1875–1876). A moderate politician, Borrero was selected by Conservative president Gabriel García Moreno (1861–1865, 1869–1875) to run for the vice presidency in 1863. Borrero won in a landslide despite the fact that he did not want the job. He immediately resigned, disgusted by García Moreno's rigging of the election. When García Moreno was assassinated in 1875, Borrero won the subsequent election for president. He hoped to be a healer, peacemaker, and reconciler for a nation so often bloodied by regional and ideological battles. However, in seeking to find a middle road between Liberals and Conservatives, he managed only to antagonize both.
General Ignacio de Veintimilla overthrew Borrero in 1876. After seven years in exile in Peru, Borrero returned to serve as governor of Azuay province (1888–1892). A man of laws, a well-read—if not well-traveled—intellectual, Borrero was known by contemporaries as the "Cato of Cuenca," or the "Washington of Azuay." Borrero is sometimes viewed by historians as the first Progresita, the grouping of pragmatic political moderates that governed Ecuador from 1883 to 1895. He died in Cuenca, his birthplace.
See alsoAlfaro Delgado, José Eloy .
On Ecuadorian politics, see Osvaldo Hurtado's interpretive history, Political Power in Ecuador, translated by Nick D. Mills, Jr. (1895); and Frank MacDonald Spindler's descriptive Nineteenth Century Ecuador: An Historical Introduction (1987). For summary treatment of nineteenth-century Ecuadorian political economy, consult David W. Schodt, Ecuador: An Andean Enigma (1987).
Borrero Vintimilla, Antonio. Filosofía, política y pensamiento del presidente Antonio Borrero y Cortázar, 1875–1876: Aspectos de la política del Ecuador del siglo XIX. Cuenca, Ecuador: Universidad del Azuay, 1999.
Ronn F. Pineo
"Borrero y Cortázar, Antonio (1827–1911)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/borrero-y-cortazar-antonio-1827-1911
"Borrero y Cortázar, Antonio (1827–1911)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/borrero-y-cortazar-antonio-1827-1911
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.