the sultan's order that in 1930 removed morocco's berbers from the jurisdiction of islamic law.
The Berber Dahir, a decree issued by Morocco's sultan at the instigation of French colonial authorities on 16 May 1930, created courts in Berber-speaking regions that decided cases by codified local custom (urf) instead of Islamic law (shariʿa). The mass urban protests against the decree served as a catalyst for Morocco's nationalist movement and drew support from Muslims worldwide.
see also shariʿa.
Dale F. Eickelman