vis·it·a·tion / ˌvizəˈtāshən/ • n. 1. an official or formal visit, in particular: ∎ (in church use) an official visit of inspection, esp. one by a bishop to a church in the bishop's diocese. ∎ the appearance of a divine or supernatural being. ∎ a gathering with the family of a deceased person before the funeral. ∎ Law a divorced person's right to spend time with their children in the custody of a former spouse. 2. a disaster or difficulty regarded as a divine punishment: a visitation of the plague. 3. (the Visitation) the visit of the Virgin Mary to Elizabeth related in Luke 1:39–56. ∎ the festival commemorating this on May 31 (formerly July 2).