the Temptation

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the Temptation the tempting of Jesus by the Devil, as told in Matthew 4, when Jesus was challenged to demonstrate his miraculous powers, firstly in the wilderness by turning stones into bread, and then in the holy city, by flinging himself from a pinnacle of the temple. Lastly he was taken up into a high mountain and shown the kingdoms of the world, all of which he was promised if he would worship the Devil.

The expression is also used to refer to the tempting of certain medieval saints, as in the Temptation of St Anthony, in which demons in the form of beautiful women tried to tempt the hermit St Anthony of Egypt; this was a favourite subject of early paintings.