sum / səm/ • n. 1. a particular amount of money: they could not afford such a sum. 2. (the sum of) the total amount resulting from the addition of two or more numbers, amounts, or items: the sum of two prime numbers. ∎ the total amount of something that exists: the sum of his own knowledge. 3. an arithmetical problem, esp. at an elementary level. • v. (summed , sum·ming ) [tr.] technical find the sum of (two or more amounts): if we sum these equations we obtain x. ∎ [intr.] (sum to) (of two or more amounts) add up to a specified total: these additional probabilities must sum to 1. PHRASES: in sum to sum up; in summary: this interpretation does little, in sum, to add to our understanding.PHRASAL VERBS: sum up give a brief summary of something: Gerard will open the debate and I will sum up. ∎ Law (of a judge) review the evidence at the end of a case, and direct the jury regarding points of law. sum someone/something up express a concise idea of the nature or character of a person or thing: selfish—that summed her up.
"sum." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sum-1
"sum." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sum-1
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.