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phonogram character representing a spoken sound; †sound-record made by a phonograph. XIX (see GRAMOPHONE). phonograph †symbol representing a sound; instrument for recording and reproducing sounds. XIX. f. Gr. phōnḗ sound + -graphos written, -gráphos -writing; see prec. and -GRAPH.
So phonography †phonetic spelling XVIII; phonetic shorthand invented by Isaac Pitman XIX. phonology science of vocal sounds esp. as applied to particular languages. XVIII.