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phil·o·soph·i·cal / ˌfiləˈsäfikəl/ • adj. 1. of or relating to the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence: philosophical discussions about free will. ∎  devoted to the study of such issues: the American Philosophical Society.2. having or showing a calm attitude toward disappointments or difficulties: he was philosophical about losing the contract.DERIVATIVES: phil·o·soph·ic / -ˈsäfik/ adj.phil·o·soph·i·cal·ly / -ik(ə)lē/ adv.