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ca·pa·bil·i·ty / ˌkāpəˈbilitē/ • n. (pl. -ties) (often capability of doing (or to do) something) power or ability: the capability to increase productivity. ∎  (often capabilities) the extent of someone's or something's ability: the job is beyond my capabilities. ∎  a facility on a computer for performing a specified task: a graphics capability. ∎  forces or resources giving a country or state the ability to undertake a particular kind of military action: nuclear capability.