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canzona

canzona, canzone (It., plural canzoni).
1. Type of troubadour song in the characteristic form AAB (also known as canzo or canso [Provençal]).

2. Designation for several types of 16th-cent. It. secular vocal mus., some similar to the madrigal, others to the popular villanella.

3. In 18th- and 19th-cent. mus., a song or instr. piece of lyrical character, e.g. Voi che sapete from Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro.

4. 16th- and 17th-cent. instr. comp. which developed from lute and kbd. arrs. of Fr.-Flemish chansons of Janequin, Sermisy, Josquin Desprès, etc. It. composers wrote orig. comps. on these models either for organ (canzona d'organo), or for instr. ens. (canzona da sonar), which led in turn to the 17th-cent. sonata and kbd. fugue. Notable composers of the kbd. canzona, which throughout its development retained characteristic sectional form and quasi-fugal use of imitation, incl. G. Cavazzoni, A. Gabrieli, C. Merulo, Frescobaldi, Froberger, and J. S. Bach; while sectional variety and contrast of the ens. canzona exploited by G. Gabrieli and Frescobaldi.

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