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asparagine , asparagine A non‐essential amino acid, chemically the β‐amide of aspartic acid. asparagine (ă-spa-ră-jeen) n. see amino acid. asparagine See amino ac… Threonine , threonine An essential amino acid. It was the last of the protein amino acids to be discovered, in 1935, in studies of nitrogen balance on subjects f… valine , valine (vay-leen) n. an essential amino acid. See also amino acid. valine An aliphatic, non-polar, alpha-amino acid. valine An essential amino acid,… Lipoic Acid , lipoic acid Chemically, dithio‐octanoic acid, a coenzyme (together with vitamin B1) in the metabolism of pyruvate and in the citric acid cycle. Altho… Gallic Acid , gal·lic ac·id / ˈgalik; ˈgôlik/ • n. Chem. an acid, C6H2(OH)3COOH, extracted from oak galls and other vegetable products, formerly used in making ink… Gastric Acid , acid, gastric The acid in the gastric secretion is hydrochloric acid; see also achlorhydria; gastric acidity. gastric acid See gastric secretion.
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