1815-1850: Science and Medicine
1815-1850: Chapter Ten: Science and Medicine
by LISA PRUITT
TOPICS IN THE NEWS
The Asylum Movement 329
Early Public Health Movement 330
The Cholera Epidemic of 1832 New York City. 331
Orthodox Medicine 332
The Surgeon of the Fleet 332
Heroic Medicine: Arguments for and Against Bloodletting 333
Philadelphia’s Scientific Community 333
“On the Effects and Treatment of Contact with Rbus Rudicans” (Poison Ivy) 334
Scientific Associations 335
The Harvard Astronomical Observatory 335
Sectarian Medicine 337
Thomsonian Principles 337
How to Choose a Mate 338
The Smithsonian Institution 338
Surgery and Anesthesia 339
Women’s Medical Education 340
Jacob Bigelow 341
Asa Gray 343
Joseph Henry 344
Harriot Kezia Hunt 345
Benjamin Silliman Sr 345
Sidebars and tables are listed in italics.
"1815-1850: Science and Medicine." American Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1815-1850-science-and-medicine
"1815-1850: Science and Medicine." American Eras. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1815-1850-science-and-medicine
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.