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Orléans, siege of

Orléans, siege of, 1428–9. On 12 October 1428, Thomas, earl of Salisbury, laid siege to Orléans as part of a strategy to advance across the Loire. He died from gunshot wounds on 3 November, but the siege continued, with an attack on the English supply lines (the battle of the Herrings) being unsuccessful. The English were already weakened and deserted by their Burgundian allies, however, by the time Joan of Arc arrived on 29 April and were forced to raise the siege on 8 May.

Anne Curry

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Herrings, Battle of the

Battle of the Herrings, 1429, episode in the siege of Orléans by the English in the Hundred Years War. The French, under Jean, comte de Dunois, attacked a supply train commanded by Sir John Fastolf. The English, barricaded behind the wagons with herring barrels, repelled the attack. The action took place at Rouvray, a hamlet NW of Orléans.

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